Why should I vaccinate my dog or cat?

November 7th, 2013

Why you need to vaccinate your dog and cat?

Dogs and cats are wonderful life long companions but just like us they need vaccinations to protect them from getting sick. Vaccinations are particularly important to protect your pet from the following:

Dogs

  • Canine Parvovirus is a life-threatening virus that attacks a dog’s gastrointestinal tract and cardiovascular system, causing diarrhoea, vomiting and abdominal pain. It can affect dogs of all ages, but is most dangerous in puppies and elderly dogs because they can become dehydration very quickly. Canine Parvovirus is highly contagious, and most unvaccinated dogs do not make it despite veterinary attention.
  • Canine Hepatitis is a viral disease that damages a dog’s cells, in particular cells in in the eye, liver and kidneys. It causes symptoms including high fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, reduced appetite and depression. Canine Hepatitis is highly contagious and causes dogs to experience acute abdominal pain, which can lead to kidney problems and in some instances death.
  • Canine Distemper is a highly contagious viral disease that attacks a dog’s central nervous system, gastrointestinal tracts and respiratory system. Symptoms include fever, sneezing, vomiting, diarrhoea, coughing, and a low appetite. Unvaccinated dogs, especially puppies, are at the highest risk of contracting the virus which can result in dire outcomes, from permanent brain damage to death.
  • Canine Cough is a highly contagious, respiratory infection that causes dogs to have a dry hacking cough. While not usually fatal, Canine Cough and can last for several weeks and can potentially lead to pneumonia.

Cats

  • Feline Enteritis is a contagious viral disease that causes uncontrollable diarrhoea and vomiting, fever, loss of appetite and depression in cats. The infectious disease is serious and has high death rate, in particular in kittens less than a year old. If a pregnant cat gets Feline Enteritis, their kittens are at a high risk of developing abnormalities or suffer from brain damage.
  • Feline AIDs  is an infectious disease that attacks a cat’s immune system. Infected cats can show no symptoms of having Feline AIDS, while others may have fever, diarrhoea, lethargy, and weight loss. Feline AIDS is not fatal; however, as time goes on the cat’s immune system gradually gets weaker and therefore will becomes less able to fight off future infections. Note: Feline AIDS is NOT transmittable to humans.
  • Feline Leukaemia is a viral infection that attacks a cat’s immune system, causing symptoms including: vomiting, diarrhoea, reduced appetite, pale mucous membranes, fever, and skin problems. Some cats may show no symptoms at all but all infected cats are at a higher risk of developing leukaemia, tumours and other infections.
  • Feline Respiratory Disease (Cat Flu) is a respiratory disease that can affect cats of all ages. It is highly contagious but not fatal. However, cats are likely to experience distressing symptoms for weeks, including: runny eyes and nose, tongue ulcers, sneezing and coughing.
  • Chlamydia is a bacteria that cases cats to have upper respiratory infection and conjunctivitis. It is not life threatening but can cause lifelong stress in cats.

Cats and dogs are not immune to becoming sick and all the conditions mentioned are stressful, possibly debilitating, and can be fatal. To protect your dog or cat, visit your local vet to a vaccination.

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